Sunday, February 12, 2012

Economic inequality

Wikipedia: Economic inequality (aka the gap between rich and poor, income inequality, wealth disparity, or "wealth and income differences") comprises all disparities in the distribution of economic assets and income. The term typically refers to inequality among individuals and groups within a society, but can also refer to inequality among countries. The issue of economic inequality is related to the ideas of equity: equality of outcome and equality of opportunity. The main instrument which diminishes economic inequality, progressive taxation, has been demonstrated to be effective in international comparisons of income compression and wealth distribution.[1] It is a contested issue whether economic inequality is a negative phenomenon, both on utilitarian and moral grounds. A book published in 2009[2] claims that negative social phenomena such as shorter life expectancy, higher disease rates, homicide, infant mortality, obesity, teenage pregnancies, emotional depression and prison population correlate with higher socioeconomic inequality. More from wikipedia